THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) is a chemical compound found in marijuana and hemp plants in different isomeric forms. Delta-9 THC is the main THC isomer of cannabis plants. It can induce physiological effects when consumed due to its ability to bind to receptors in the human endocannabinoid system. Some common forms of Delta-9 THC products are gummies, topicals, vapes, and oils. These products can make users feel relaxed, increase their appetites, and improve their sensory perceptions. Also, Delta-9 THC has therapeutic benefits for specific medical conditions, including seizure disorder, spasticity, chronic pain, and nausea resulting from chemotherapy. Depending on the quantity of Delta-9 THC consumed, users may experience side effects such as paranoia, sedation, confusion, dry mouth, heightened anxiety, and decreased blood pressure.
Yes. According to House Bill 1819, THC products derived from industrial hemp are legal in Hawaii. This law was established after the U.S. 2018 Farm Bill legalized industrial hemp at the federal level. Hawaii residents may buy hemp-derived Delta-9 THC products online and from local retail shops within the state or ship them from other states. Per the provisions of House Bill 1819, all hemp-derived Delta-9 THC products sold in Hawaii must not contain over 0.3% of THC. THC products derived from cannabis are unlawful in Hawaii except for medical uses. This is because marijuana and its derivatives are listed as Schedule I controlled substances in the Hawaii Controlled Substance Act.
Delta-8 tetrahydrocannabinol (Delta-8 THC) is a psychoactive cannabinoid found in trace amounts in Cannabis sativa plants. It is less potent than Delta-9 THC, the more abundant THC isomer in cannabis plants. Delta-9 THC may be extracted from cannabis plants and infused into edibles and topicals, but it can also be consumed directly from cannabis flowers (buds) by smoking without requiring an extraction process. Delta-8 THC products are usually synthesized from CBD extracted from hemp plants. Some people prefer Delta-8 THC to Delta-9 THC because, although both compounds make users feel high, Delta-8 THC causes less intense paranoia and mental fog.
These are structurally similar THC compounds. Delta-10 tetrahydrocannabinol, otherwise called Delta-10 THC, has a double bond on the tenth carbon atom, whereas the double bond of Delta-9 THC is located on the ninth carbon atom. This structural difference makes Delta-9 THC behave differently from Delta-10 THC in the human body. Delta-9 THC gives a strong sedative and relaxing effect. On the other hand, Delta-10 THC is less sedating but enhances users’ cognition. Delta-9 and Delta-10 THC isomers occur naturally in cannabis and hemp plants, but Delta-9 THC is more abundant in Cannabis sativa plants and can easily be extracted from them. Conversely, the extraction of Delta-10 THC is more complex and requires a carefully controlled environment since plants only contain them in small amounts.
If a person consumes Delta-9 THC once, the cannabinoid can clear from their system within five days. For habitual users, it may take up to one month for Delta-9 THC to clear from their systems. The body processes THC isomers the same way and produces metabolites that can be detected in a drug screening. Whether a user consumes Delta-9, Delta-8, or Delta-10 THC products, drug tests sensitive to tetrahydrocannabinols will detect the resulting THC metabolites as the same. Hair follicle tests usually show Delta-9 THC for up to three months, while urine tests can detect the cannabinoid for approximately one month. Delta-9 THC typically becomes undetectable in the blood after three days and in saliva after 30 hours.
As permitted in House Bill 1819, hemp-derived Delta-9 THC products, including gummies, may be purchased from local shops in Hawaii or online. Delta-9 THC gummies may be safely ingested and can induce a euphoric high in users.