Delta-10 Tetrahydrocannabinol (Delta-10 THC) is a psychoactive cannabinoid found in cannabis plants, especially hemp plants. It is an isomer of Delta-9 THC and is less known to many cannabis users as it is a newly discovered cannabinoid. THC refers to a group of cannabinoids found in cannabis plants or synthesized from naturally occurring cannabinoids.
Not much is known about Delta-10's benefits and side effects due to the recent nature of its discovery. However, anecdotal evidence suggests Delta-10 products are often used to obtain relief from anxiety and can induce euphoria, especially at high doses.
Delta-10 THC is available in topicals, tinctures, and edibles. Products derived from Delta-10 THC may also be consumed by vaping and smoking. Although the 2018 Farm Bill legalized hemp-derived products in the United States, the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) insists that all synthetically derived tetrahydrocannabinols remain classified as Schedule I Controlled Substances in the United States. Hence, any synthetically derived Delta-10 THC product, even from hemp plants, is illegal.
All Delta-10 THC products derived from hemp plants are legal in Hawaii. In 2018, the United States congress enacted the 2018 Farm Bill, which legalized all derivatives of the hemp plant, as long as such derivatives contain no more than 0.3% Delta-9 THC. In Hawaii, the state's HB 2689 also legalized all hemp derivatives as long as they do not exceed the federal limits on Delta-9 THC content. Hence, all Delta-10 vapes, tinctures, gummies, and capsules derived from federally compliant hemp plants may be purchased in the state. Marijuana-derived Delta-10 THC products are illegal in Hawaii.
Delta-10 is an isomer of Delta-8 THC, with both compounds being isomers of Delta-9 THC. Delta-10 THC and Delta-8 THC attach to the brain's CB1 receptors in order to interact with the body's endocannabinoid system (ECS). Although both THC isomers also bind with CB2 receptors, how Delta-10 binds to CB2 receptors is not yet well known due to its recent discovery.
Delta-8 THC is extracted from cannabis plants. However, the occurrence of the compound in trace amounts in most hemp cultivars makes its production economically unattractive to businesses. Hence, cannabis processors often obtain Delta-8 THC by isomerizing CBD extracted from hemp to concentrate it. Cannabis plants have low levels of Delta-10 THC, even much lower than Delta-8 THC. Hence, Delta-10 THC is often synthetically derived from cannabinoids like CBD.
The psychoactive effects of Delta-8 THC and Delta-10 THC are mild. However, Delta-10's effects are even milder than Delta-8's. Delta-8 THC produces calming effects in users, increased appetite, and overall effects similar to marijuana Indica strains. Compared to Delta-8, Delta-10 has a lower sedative effect but a more significant stimulating impact. Delta-10's effects mirror those of marijuana Sativa strains. Due to its lower sedative effect, some cannabis users may prefer Delta-10 to Delta-8. However, persons looking to experience euphoria comparable to the one produced by Delta-9 may opt for Delta-8 THC products.
Delta-10 and Delta-9 THC are isomers, meaning they have the same chemical formula but slightly different structures. Specifically, the difference in chemical structures is in the carbon double-bond occurring in the tenth position in Delta-10’s carbon chain instead of the ninth position as in Delta-9 THC. Unlike Delta-9 THC, which exists naturally in high concentrations in cannabis plants, Delta-10 THC is only found in trace amounts in hemp plants. Therefore, to produce significant amounts, Delta-10 THC must be extracted in a strictly controlled environment from a lot more cannabis plant material.
The difference in the molecular structures of Delta-9 and Delta-10 THC result in distinct user profiles. Delta-9 and Delta-10 THC are both psychoactive; however, the "high" caused by each compound is distinct. Small to moderate dosages of Delta-9 THC have varying effects, with the majority of users experiencing calming effects. At higher doses, Delta-9 THC will induce intoxication in users. Delta-10 THC, in contrast, induces energizing effects, which help users improve focus, thereby boosting productivity. By opting for Delta-10 THC, users may enjoy a modest high while still maintaining coordination and motor skill functions.
Delta-10 THC has a less restricted status than Delta-9 THC since it is derived from hemp plants. Delta-10 is legal under federal law if it contains less than 0.3% Delta-9 THC and is sourced from hemp plants.
Whatever effects Delta-10 may induce in a user, such effects are often short-lived. However, its metabolites remain in the body for weeks or even months after intake. Blood, urine, saliva, and hair follicle tests may be used to detect Delta-10 THC consumption. Typically, these tests are intended to identify THC metabolites in general and not metabolites for specific Delta THC isomers. Therefore, a Delta-10 user may fail a drug test just as easily as a Delta-9 user.
How long Delta-10 remains in your body depends on a number of factors include:
Hemp-derived Delta-10 products are available in hemp shops, vape stores, cannabis dispensaries, and online stores. Although the state does not require buyers to be aged 21 or older, some stores may request valid identification cards to verify buyers' ages before allowing them to purchase Delta-10 products. There are no restrictions on the forms of Delta-10 products that may be sold in Hawaii, as long as they contain no more than 0.3% Delta-9 THC.